Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (4 February 1913 – 24 October 2005) was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called “the first lady of civil rights”, and “the mother of the freedom movement”. On 1 December 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James Blake’s order that she give up her seat to make room for a white man, and as a result spurred the city-wide event that came to be known as the Montgomery Bus Boycott – a seminal moment in the civil rights movement.
Parks’ actions on that day came to be an important symbol of the movement, and she became an international icon. She went on to work with civil rights leaders, including Martin Luther King, Junior, a new minister in the town who gained national prominence in the civil rights movement.
Find out more about Rosa Parks at biographyonline.net.
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